World Population Day is observed annually on July 11 every year to highlight the problems of overpopulation and raises awareness about the effects of overpopulation on the environment and development. It took hundreds of thousands of years for the world population to reach one billion, and then it increased sevenfold in just another 200 years .                                                 This substantial increase has been driven mostly by an increase in the number of individuals reaching reproductive age and has been followed by significant changes in fertility rates, increased urbanisation, and accelerated migration. These tendencies will have far-reaching consequences for future generations.                                                                                                        Every year on July 11, the world observes World Population Day with the goal of highlighting the difficulties created by overpopulation and raising awareness about how overpopulation may harm the ecosystem and progress of humanity. The day also discusses family planning, poverty, sexual equality, maternal health, civil rights, and the health concerns that childbearing women confront.India has the world’s second-largest populace after China, and in the present days of the Covid-19 pandemic, dealing with such a big population proved difficult during the second wave of the pandemic, which raised the country’s fatality rate.As a result, focusing emphasis on population management not only in the country but also on a worldwide scale is critical.

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