Nagasaki Day is observed on 9 August. On this day US dropped an atomic bomb on the Nagasaki city of Japan in 1945 during World War II. The first bomb was dropped on the city of Hiroshima and the second was dropped on Nagasaki on 9 August which killed around 74,000 people or more. After six days of the Nagasaki bombing, the Japanese Emperor Gyokuon-Hoso speech was broadcast to the nation, addressing the surrender. The devastation caused due to the bombing led Japan to surrender in World War II. According to the sources reason behind dropping the atomic bomb on Japan two cities and according to the US President Truman is the military. Dropping the bomb would end the war quickly and effectively with the least amount of casualties on the U.S side. He also wants to justify the expenses of the Manhattan Project where the bomb was created. Bombing impressed the Soviet Union and created a response to Pearl Harbour. No doubt bombing forced Japan to surrender. a slightly larger plutonium bomb exploded over Nagasaki just two days later on 9 August levelled 6.7 km square of the city and killed around 74,000 people by the end of 1945. The temperature of the ground reached 4,000 degrees Celsius and radioactive rain poured down. Most of the physicians and nurses in Nagasaki were killed or injured, several hospitals were rendered non-functional, various people suffered from combined injuries and severe burns. Most of the victims died without any care to ease their suffering. In fact, some of those who had entered after the bombings in the city also died due to radiation.                                                                                                                               Bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki was known as “Fat Man”. On 9 August Major Charles Sweeney flew another B-29 bomber, Bockscar from Rinian. The primary target was thick clouds at the city of Kokura that drove Sweeney to a secondary target, Nagasaki, where the plutonium bomb “Fat Man” was dropped at 11:02 the morning.                                                                                 On 15 August 1945, the Japanese Emperor announced the surrender and ‘Victory in Japan’ or ‘V-J Day’ celebrations broke out across the United States and other Allied nations.                                   So, we come to know that on 9 August 1945 US dropped a nuclear bomb on Nagasaki, Japan which further led to the surrender of the Japanese Emperor in World War II.

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