Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December. The day on which the United Nations General Assembly adopted, in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights empowers us all. The principles enshrined in the Declaration are as relevant today as they were in 1948. We need to stand up for our own rights and those of others. We can take action in our own daily lives, to uphold the rights that protect us all and thereby promote the kinship of all human beings.

In December 1948, UNESCO was the first United Nations agency to place the Universal Declaration at the heart of all its action, to promote it across the world through education and the media.

Human rights gain new meaning when they become a reality in the daily life of every single person in the world. Bringing human rights home is at the core of UNESCO’s mission in all its fields of competence – education, science, culture and communication. In the context of the commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), UNESCO brings to the fore the centrality of human rights protection in the history and the mandate of the Organization.   

Here are the 10 first articles grounding our Rights and Freedom:

  • Article 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights
  • Article 2: Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status
  • Article 3: Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person
  • Article 4: No one shall be held in slavery or servitude
  • Article 5: No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
  • Article 6: Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law
  • Article 7: All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law
  • Article 8: Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law
  • Article 9: No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile
  • Article 10: Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him

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